Ellul, Jaques. The Meaning of the City, 1970.
Ellul believes that the “city” in Scripture is both the seedbed of all human rebellion against God and yet paradoxically the realm in which God has elected to save humanity.
Monsma, Stephen V. (ed). Clifford Chrstians, Eugene R. Dykema, Arie Leegwater, Egbert Schuurman, Lambert J. Van Poolen. Responsible Technology, 1986.
This is probably the best single Christian work on technology.
Schuurman, Egbert. Faith and Hope in Technology, 2003.
Schuurman addresses technology from the point of view of a scientist who also has deep Christian conviction.
Vanhoozer, Kevin J. Everyday Theology: How to Read Cultural Text and Interpret Trends, 2007.
Vanhoozer and his students provide tools for theologically engaging cultural trends. Vanhoozer’s introduction and methodology are helpful as are the two chapters on technological issues “Welcome to the Blogosphere” by Justin A. Bailey and “Human 2.0: Transhumanism as a Cultural Trend” by Matthew Eppinette.
Tillich, Paul. The Spiritual Situation in our Technological Society, 1988.
McLuhan, Marshall. Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man, 1964.
The seminal “media ecology” work that kicked off a new way of looking at how society and culture are shaped by technology and various mediums.
McLuhan, Marshall. The Medium is the Massage, 1964.
A short book in which McLuhan experiments with imagery and typography to prove the point that mediums affect (i.e. “massage”) society as much as the message itself.
Postman, Neil, Technopoly: The Surrender of Culture to Technology. 1993
Postman walks through history, particularly the last four centuries, and tells the story of how tools went from helping mankind reach his ends to becoming the foundation and ends of human life.
Estes, Douglas. SimChurch: Being the Church in the Virtual World, 2009.
The first book-length apology for the virtual church. Estes explores a variety of issues such as online church models, theological and sacramental issues, leadership, sin and discipline, and ultimately argues that established churches should enter the virtual space like any other mission field.
Schultze, Quinten J. Habits of the High-Tech Heart, 2004.
More academic in nature, Schultze addresses the basics of the Christian life and how they are influenced by media culture.
Popular Technology & Society
Brende, Eric. Better Off: Flipping the Switch on Technology, 2005.
Brende spent eighteen months living in a low-tech, Mennonite-like community for his MIT master’s thesis. His story shows that the low-tech life can sometimes be a more human life.